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Thursday, 21 July 2005

 

 

George Lane, Bredbury

St Mark's, Bredbury

 

George lane (Date Unknown)

&

St.Marks Church

 

 

Bredbury, St. Mark (C of E). A separate parish from 1846. Registers of baptisms 1847-1966, marriages 1849-1992 and burials 1848-1990 are at the CRO. Memorial inscriptions for part of the churchyard have been published by the North Cheshire FHS

Woodley United Reformed Church       Woodley United Reformed Church Bredbury Parish Hall

  • A township in Stockport Parish, Macclesfield Hundred (SJ 9291). In 1902 the civil parish was extended to include part of Brinnington, and in 1936 Bredbury was incorporated into Bredbury & Romiley civil parish.
  • Included the hamlets of Butterhouse Green, Castle Hall, Hatherlow and Woodley.
  • Bredbury & Romiley is a civil parish created in 1936 from Bredbury, Compstall, Hyde (part) and Romiley civil parishes. In 1952 the Brinnington area was transferred to Stockport civil parish. The population was 17818 in 1951, and the area was transferred to the county of Greater Manchester in 1974.
  • The population of Bredbury was 1358 in 1801, 2991 in 1851, 4691 in 1901 and 7154 in 1931.

 

The Location of Stockport

Stockport grew up as a defensive site with the original castle, market place and church being on hill top location with steep slopes. The red sandstone on which Stockport's market is situated overlooked and guarded an important ford over the River Mersey. It can also be viewed as a trade route as Stockport is situated at the point at which the rivers Tame and Goyt merge to become the River Mersey. Stockport therefore thrived as its site was at the convergence of trade routes. The fact that Stockport was close to a ford over the River Mersey helped the growth into a town.

History of Stockport

After the Romans left, the Saxon's built a village on the same site and named it 'Stockport'. Stockport gained municipal borough status in 1835, county borough status in 1889 and the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport was formed in 1974. Power from the local rivers enabled Stockport to become one of the country's first and most important industrial towns. At the beginning of the 18th Century, Stockport was a picturesque market town housing 2,000 residents. Stockport was the location for one of Britain's first mechanical silk mills in 1732. By 1760, there were 7 mills employing 2,000 people. Cotton spinning and hat manufacturing became the main industries in Stockport. The scars of the industrial revolution remain clearly visible in Stockport in the form of derelict factories.

History of Stockport

 

 

                                      Stockport Market

 

 

 

In the rebellion of 1172, Stockport's Norman Castle was defended against the forces of King Henry II. By the 14th Century the castle was maintained by the de Spencers on behalf of Edward II. After this period the castle was neglected for a number of years and fell into disrepair, it was during this time that the now famous market was established on the site. The market quickly developed a fine reputation for the quality of its cheese and for centuries, Stockport market continued to be regarded as an important trading centre.

In 1615 it was noted that "it is a great market and much frequented by dwellers far remote". During the 18th Century Sir George Warren, Lord of the Manor of Stockport, razed the site to the ground and built a two storey, turreted, circular brick building with the intention of manufacturing muslin. He was unsuccessful in this venture and the building became an Inn. Photo: The Chiming Clocks

Court Leet

In 1220, the sixth Earl of Chester, Randle III, granted the Charter of Freedom of Stockport to Sir Rupert de Stokeport . The oldest known copy of the charter (1530) is situated in the Stockport Museum. The Charter granted the people the right to hold a weekly market, annual fair and to elect a Mayor. It also formed the backbone of a strong local Government for 600 years. Prior to becoming a borough (under the Municipal Corporation Act of 1835) the governing body of Stockport was the Court Leet. The administration of the Court Leet covered a variety of crimes and misdemeanours, ranging from public nuisances and offences against the peace, to eavesdropping! The Lord of the Manor appointed a Steward to preside over the court and was assisted by a jury of burgesses (people who possess a freehold). The burgesses held the posts of Mayor, Alderman and officers of the court, responsible for appointing 'market lookers' for weights, measures, fish and flesh, 'appraisers' to value goods, tax assessors, collectors of tolls, 'burleymen' to ensure that fences and hedges were in good order and that herds were secure, a 'dog muzzler', scavengers whose job was to ensure that streets were cleaned weekly by the inhabitants and 'alefounders' to check that wholesome products were made by bakers and brewers.

Punishments

The court was held in a cellar near the 'old dungeon'. Punishments metered out by the court included the scolds bridle or brank, the ducking stool, the pillory, stocks and whipping post. The Stockport Brank, used to punish female gossips, is unique and can be found in Stockport Museum. Years later the brank ceased to be used but was simply hung outside the market office - as a warning to gossips! The market place was the favoured place for the pillory. The stocks were placed outside the church gates and the whipping post situated in the market centre. Unfortunately, the crowds attracted to the public floggings disrupted business to such an extent that it had to be moved. It should be noted that according to local folklore, Stockport market was the last location in England where a wife was known to be sold!

 

 

This site was last updated 07/21/05